Genesis 4

Cain and Abel

Or The man
made love to his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain.
Cain sounds like the Hebrew for brought forth or acquired.
She said, ‘With the help of the  Lord I have brought forth
Or have acquired
a man.’
Later she gave birth to his brother Abel.

Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain worked the soil.
In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the  Lord. But Abel also brought an offering – fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The  Lord looked with favour on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favour. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast.

Then the  Lord said to Cain, ‘Why are you angry? Why is your face downcast? If you do what is right, will you not be accepted? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must rule over it.’

Now Cain said to his brother Abel, ‘Let’s go out to the field.’
Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Masoretic Text does not have ‘Let’s go out to the field.’
While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.

Then the  Lord said to Cain, ‘Where is your brother Abel?’

‘I don’t know,’ he replied. ‘Am I my brother’s keeper?’

10 The  Lord said, ‘What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground. 11 Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 When you work the ground, it will no longer yield its crops for you. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth.’

13 Cain said to the  Lord, ‘My punishment is more than I can bear. 14 Today you are driving me from the land, and I will be hidden from your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.’

15 But the  Lord said to him, ‘Not so;
Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac; Hebrew Very well
anyone who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.’ Then the  Lord put a mark on Cain so that no one who found him would kill him.
16 So Cain went out from the  Lord’s presence and lived in the land of Nod,
Nod means wandering (see verses 12 and 14).
east of Eden.

17 Cain made love to his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch. 18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad was the father of Mehujael, and Mehujael was the father of Methushael, and Methushael was the father of Lamech.

19 Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah. 20 Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock. 21 His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes. 22 Zillah also had a son, Tubal-Cain, who forged all kinds of tools out of
Or who instructed all who work in
bronze and iron. Tubal-Cain’s sister was Naamah.

23 Lamech said to his wives,

‘Adah and Zillah, listen to me;
wives of Lamech, hear my words.
I have killed a man for wounding me,
a young man for injuring me.
24 If Cain is avenged seven times,
then Lamech seventy-seven times.’

25 Adam made love to his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth,
Seth probably means granted.
saying, ‘God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him.’
26 Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh.

At that time people began to call on
Or to proclaim
the name of the  Lord.

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